Friday, December 7, 2007

10 Buildings

Peter Gluck built and designed these houses in Aspen Colorado. Mine waste is buried under the parking lot and the steps go up the mountain. Fourteen spaces are located around the parking lot and the balcony is there to create a raised communal courtyard to view the coartyard.

Perrault designed the E. facade of Le Louvre in 1667-1670. It was built to show that France was a strong and stable nation. During this time the French were into traditional styles, straight lines, and control, as opposed to Italian Baroque. So Le Louvre was built to emphasize the kings control over everything.

The San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane was from Borromini in 1665-1676. It is composed of undulating curves and ovals. Organic shapes were a characteristic of the Baroque period. On the inside there were white and gold colors. Triangles put together make squares, and squares and circles together are from the classical period. People would go to this church to get fresh water which is symbolic to the "living water."

The Temple of Zeus is located in Olympia, built in 470. The stylistic period is classical/ transitional. On the west pediment there was a scene with Lapiths and Centaurs. It was loaded with complicated statues. The building and the statues were built separately and attached seperately. The scene is a narrative. There was alot of negative space, which was a characteristic of the time period.

The Laon Cathedral was built in 1160 in Laon, France. It consists of 4 part nave elevation: arcade, gallery, triforium, and clerestroy. There are sexpartite vaults. it has been remodeled on the east where the choir has greatly explanded. The square base holds the transverse arches. On the floor there is a pattern of alternating squares and octagonal bases.

The Chartres Cathedral was built during the High Gothic period in 1194-1220. It is located in Chartres, France. It is also the first high gothic building. Each bay consists of three parts, the arcade, triforium, clerestory. There are quadripartite vaults and flying butresses which helps support open space. The towers do not match. The arcade and clerestory is taller. This cathedral was built to symbolize spirituality.

THe Villa Savoye from le Corbusier, who is Swiss. This house was built in 1929. le Corbusier said "I want to make a machine for living." And thats what he did. During this time the machine was first introduced and everybody wanted to be a part of it. Even the ramps on the outside of the house were borrowed from ships.

The Bauhaus from Gropius, Germany, 1925-26. This building has a machine aesthetic. There is a steel frame structure. The walls are membranes, or infill. The walls are independent from the structure, called a curtain wall, they are nonsupporting.

This is the Robie House from Wright built in 1907-08. It is located in suburban Chicago. He built it for the new American family. The house is very horizontal. He even goes so far to where he puts a colored filler inbetween the horizontal bricks on the outside. On the inside the fireplace pins the house together in the middle. It united the house. The latin word for fireplace is "focus."

The Crystal Palace was from Joseph Paxton in England. He had alot of experience building greenhouses, as you can see in this building. It is made out of iron and glass. Both materials are products of the industrial revolution. Charles Dickins says that the building is not art or architecture because there is no style.

No comments: